A visit to the Pancharama temples is great. What are the unique features of these rare temples located only in the state of Andhra Pradesh?
Where are they?
Let’s find out now.
Along with Mahashivaratri, on many other festivals, Hindus worship Lord Shiva with utmost devotion. On this occasion people are interested to visit the glorious Shiva Linga shrines located in different places across the country. Pancharamas in the state of Andhra Pradesh are prominent among them. As the name suggests, these are the five sacred temples dedicated to God. Although there are many Shivalinga shrines in the country, the uniqueness of Pancharamala is unique. These five temples are located in various towns in the state of Andhra Pradesh. So what are the features of these fields? Where are they? Let us now know the details.
History of Pancharama:
There are many myths associated with the birth of Pancharama in the state of Andhra Pradesh. According to the Bhimeshwara Purana written by Srinathu, Lord Vishnu in the form of Mohini distributed the nectar originating in the Milky Way to the gods and demons. However, the Tripuras (demons) are dissatisfied that they have been wronged in this distribution and perform a terrible penance for Lord Shiva. Appreciating the penance of the demons, God blesses them with various boons.
With those powers the demons cause the gods many troubles. With this the gods go to Mahasiva and ask him to save them from the clutches of the demons. After hearing the roar of the gods, Lord Shiva in the form of Tripurantaka burns those demons and their kingdom to ashes. However, the largest Shiva lingam worshiped by the Tripuras in this war remains intact. These Shivalingas are the deities that are enshrined in five places on earth. They are said to be popularly known as Pancharamas.
However, according to the Tarakasura massacre in the Skanda Purana, the origin of the Pancharamas is as follows. Tarakasuru, the grandson of Hiranya Kasipudi, performed great penance for Lord Shiva and was blessed with the Atmalinga of Parameswara. He wants to avoid death at the hands of anyone except a boy. Tarakasurudu wants this week so that none of the children can do anything for him. When Parameswara apologizes, he begins to worship the deities with that pride.
With this, Goddess Parvati gives birth to Kumaraswamy to stop Tarakasur. Along with the gods, the boy Kumaraswamy goes to war against Tarakasudi. In that fierce battle, Kumaraswamy pierces the soul lingam in Tarakasuru’s throat and he dies. At that time the soul, which was divided into five parts, was revered in five places. These are the Pancharama temples in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
1. The vineyard:
The place is also known as Draksharamam as Daksha Prajapati performed Yajna. At a height of 60 feet on two floors, the Swami’s Shiva lingam is half white and half black. Priests and devotees perform anointings from the upper part of the second floor. The Swami here measures them as Bhimeshwar. Manikyamba Ammavaru Swami, one of the Ashtadasha Shakti Peethas, is fortunate to be associated with them. It is one of the rarest temples in India.
Visiting this temple is a wonderful experience for everyone. It is clear from the inscriptions that this temple was built during the Chalukya period between 892-922 AD. During the month of Karthika, the festival of Mahashivaratri, the temple is abuzz with devotees. Draksharamam Temple is located at a distance of 32 km from Kakinada in the East Godavari District.
Parameswara is worshiped here as Amareshwara. The crystal Shiva lingam is 16 feet high on both floors. Swami anoints them from the second floor. The temples of Ammavaru Balachamundi and Kshetra ruler Venugopal Swamy are also located here. Legend has it that Indra erected a part of the Atmalingam which was scattered after the slaughter of Tarakasura.
The temple has a total of three ramparts. Many temples can be seen in these walls. These double the spiritual contemplation in the devotees. The temple is located in Amravati, on the banks of the river Krishna, at a distance of 35 km from Guntur in Guntur district.
Kshiraramam Temple is believed to have been built by the Chalukyas in the 11th century. The Shivalinga is two and a half feet high and is measured in white as Ramalingeswara Swami. It is believed that the Sitaramas established this linga during the Treta era. The temple is beautifully decorated with 9 domes at a total height of 125 feet. Every year at the beginning of Uttarayana Dakshinayana the view of the sun rays falling on the Shivalingam from the big dome of the sunrise is very beautiful.
Kshiraramam is located in the town of Palakollu in the district of West Godavari. It is said that when Lord Shiva dropped his arrow on the earth it fell in this place and came from the earth like a mammal. Due to this, the area is said to have changed into Kshirapuri and Palakollu over time.
The temple was built in the 3rd century by the Eastern Chalukya king Chalukya Bhima. The name Somaramamu is derived from the fact that the Shivalinga was erected by the moon. Swami is the mother of their worst Rajarajeshwari Devi. This Shivalinga has a specialty. This Shiva lingam, which is in Telugu and black on normal days, glows brown on the new moon day only. Comes back to normal by the full moon. In this temple, Someshwara Swamy is on the ground floor and Annapurna Devi Amma is on the upper floor. The shrine is located at Gunipudi, about 2 km from Bhimavaram in the West Godavari district.
5. Kumara Bhimaramamu:
The Shivalingam is housed in a two-storied mandapam 60 feet high in limestone color. The temple was built by the Chalukya king Bhima who built the Draksharamam Kshetra. That is why the architectural style of these two fields feels the same. Comparisons can be seen in every structure from the temple gates to the pool. The temple is said to have been built between 892 and 922 AD. The temple is located near the fort of Samar in the East Godavari district. The temple is located close to the Samarth Fort Railway Station.